Who is Muhammad Ali Jinnah ?
# Mahomedali Jinnahbhai is popularly known as Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
# He was born on 25 December 1876 and died on 11 September 1948.
# He was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.
# Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death.
# He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم, “Great Leader”) and Baba-i-Qaum (بابائے قوم, “Father of the Nation”).
# His birthday is considered a national holiday in Pakistan.
# Born at Wazir Mansion in Karachi, Jinnah was trained as a barrister at Lincoln’s Inn in London.
# Upon his return to British India, he enrolled at the Bombay High Court, and took an interest in national politics, which eventually replaced his legal practice.
# Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the 20th century.
# In these early years of his political career, Jinnah advocated Hindu–Muslim unity, helping to shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League, in which Jinnah had also become prominent.
# Jinnah became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims.
# In 1920, however, Jinnah resigned from the Congress when it agreed to follow a campaign of satyagraha, which he regarded as political anarchy.
- Birthday: December 25, 1876
- Birth Place: Karachi, Pakistan
- Died: September 11, 1948, Karachi, Pakistan
- Spouse: Rattanbai Jinnah (m. 1918–1929), Emibai Jinnah (m. 1892–1893)
- Parents: Mithibai Jinnah, Poonja Jinnah
- Education: City Law School (1895)